The annual study, which is performed by TNS Kantar on behalf of the Norwegian Seafood Council, is the largest consumer seafood study in the world, due to the amount of data collected. The study asked respondents about their reasons for buying seafood and what impacts their purchasing decisions. Whereas the biggest reasons are taste and health, an increasing number of people across all markets say they are choosing seafood because it is a safe and sustainable option.
Across the 16 countries that have been included in the survey from 2018, 17 percent say they choose seafood because it is safe and sustainable, compared to 13 percent in 2012. This is an increase of over 30 percent in 6 years.
The increase is prevalent across the age groups 18-34 years and 35-49. It is particularly visible among the youngest age group, with an increase of nearly 60 percent in 6 years, from 12 percent in 2012 to 19 percent in 2018. This result is backing the assumptions that younger consumers are driving the shift to more conscious consumption.
Sustainability driving behaviour change
From 2015 to 2018, 18 countries have participated annually in the study. In 17 out of the 18 markets, food safety and sustainability as a factor for choosing seafood has increased in the past 3 years, showing that sustainable and responsible food production is starting to have real impact on purchasing behaviours across the world.
- These findings prove that food safety and sustainability is not something food producers should take lightly. Consumers increasingly demand to know where their food comes from and that it is produced in the most sustainable manner possible. We are moving away from responsible production being a nice to have, and into a world where it is a necessity to be able to prove and document it, says Renate Larsen, the Norwegian Seafood Council's CEO.
Another finding is that there is a strong connection between how important consumers consider food safety and sustainability to be, and how often they consume it. 14 percent of the respondents who have a low consumption of seafood list food safety and sustainability as a factor, compared to 22 percent for those who have a high consumption.
A global leader in sustainable seafood production
- The study finds that the ones that lists food safety and sustainability as an important reason for choosing seafood, see Norway as a leading seafood nation. In a world where country of origin is growing in importance to consumers, this proves the positive effect of our continued focus on telling the story about Seafood from Norway as a sustainable choice, and our seafood companies continuous efforts to developing the most sustainable and technologically advanced methods for harvesting and producing seafood, Larsen adds.
Salmon from aquaculture, where Norway is the world’s biggest player, is one of the most resource efficient forms of protein production in the world, according to a recent study by the Global Salmon Initiative (GSI). According to the report salmon production has significantly lower carbon footprint and feed conversion ratio than proteins like chicken, pork and beef production.
Norwegian fish farmers Marine Harvest and Leroy Seafood Group are topping the 2018 Coller FAIRR Protein Producer Index, ranking global sustainable food producers. Another Norwegian company, SalMar, was in the same study praised for having a comprehensive target to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions.